February 5, 2020
Anxiety is a disorder that is accompanied by a constant feeling of worry and apprehension about what’s to come. That is, it is a constant unnecessary fear without any reason.
Each of us at some point felt anxious, nervous, or afraid. IThis usually occurs during major life changes and decisions we have to make, as well as due to uncertainty as we wait for the outcome of an important event. In such stressful and emotional situations, discomfort is a perfectly normal reaction.
However, the problem arises if worry is felt on a daily basis about numerous activities or events at work or at home that are not really dangerous.
There are several types of anxiety
Since different situations of emotional and psychic nature can cause fear, we can divide anxiety into several groups.
Generalized anxiety brings the widest concern, so it occurs as an over-concern about money, health, career, family, etc. In addition to psychological tension, physical symptoms such as shivering, muscle spasm, insomnia, abdominal tension and digestive problems are noted as clear signs. Also, constant headaches and dizziness are indicative of this type of anxiety.
Generalized anxiety disorder often comes with other mental problems, such as bipolar disorder or depression, although it can also be a consequence of long-term use of a hallucinogenic drug.
Many people associate social anxiety with fear of people. But is actually refers to the tension when talking to strangers, as well as from the direct contact with other people, face-to-face contact. People who suffer from this problem also fear situations when they may get embarrassed. That is why they avoid visiting public places and giving speeches, lectures and presentations.
Specific phobias are classified as anxiety disorders; they most commonly include fear of heights, flying, confined space. They are manifested as avoiding all situations that can cause them.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is accompanied by persistent, repetitive thoughts, i.e. obsessions; to relieve them, the patient repeats certain compulsory actions. It is in these little rituals that this form of anxiety is expressed.
What causes anxiety?
The exact cause of the problem has not been discovered to this day, so it is thought to be a combination of the influences of genetics, surroundings and biochemical processes in the brain.
As with all diseases, genetics plays an important role in anxiety, i.e. there is a greater risk if it is recorded in family history.
Studies have shown that disruption in the level of neurotransmitters in the brain can lead to excessive worry. Namely, if at one point the balance between them gets disturbed, the messages they convey to the nerve cells are not clear, so the brain does not respond adequately to certain events.
Still, trauma is cited as a major factor. The death of a loved one, a painful divorce, mental and physical abuse, but also a change in lifestyle and place of residence are just some of the leading triggers.
How does anxiety affect life?
Anxiety engulfs every part of our lives, gradually changing our consciousness. In this way, it hinders us from performing our daily tasks, which negatively affects our social and business life.
As many of the symptoms are similar to that of stroke and heart attack, it is not uncommon for a person not to be aware of his or her anxiety, but attributing the discomfort felt to other illnesses and asking various specialists for help.
Only after a precise diagnosis is made can appropriate medications be prescribed, usually from the anxiolytic group. The importance of psychotherapy in eliminating this problem is also great. Through conversation, the patient discovers the source of the problem. He or she also learns how to replace the distorted picture of life with reality.
This approach to the treatment of mental disorders is applied at Dr Vorobiev clinic. The expert team of world-renowned specialists and psychotherapists has many years of experience. With their help, feelings of worry and anxiety will become your past in no time.
As anxiety often accompanies addictions, at Dr Vorobiev clinic, treatments of heroin, cocaine and other opiate addicts also address this issue.
Published on February 5, 2020
Dr Vorobjev Clinic team